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November 30, 2023


Always Be Healthy


Atherosclerosis is a condition in which plaque builds up on the inner walls of arteries. This plaque can narrow or block the arteries, reducing blood flow to the heart, brain, and other organs. Atherosclerosis is a major risk factor for heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases.

Diabetes is a chronic disease in which the body cannot produce enough insulin or cannot use insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body’s cells use glucose for energy. When people have diabetes, glucose builds up in the blood. This can damage the arteries and lead to atherosclerosis.

People with diabetes have a two- to four-fold increased risk of developing atherosclerosis compared to people without diabetes. This is because diabetes can damage the arteries in a number of ways, including:

  • High blood sugar levels can damage the inner lining of the arteries.
  • High blood sugar levels can increase inflammation in the arteries.
  • High blood sugar levels can increase the production of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood.
  • High blood sugar levels can make it more difficult for the body to repair damaged arteries.

Symptoms of Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis often does not cause any symptoms until the arteries are narrowed or blocked enough to reduce blood flow. When this happens, people may experience symptoms such as:

  • Chest pain (angina)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Leg pain when walking
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Stroke
  • Heart attack

Diagnosis of Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is diagnosed using a variety of tests, including:

  • Blood tests to measure cholesterol and triglyceride levels, blood sugar levels, and other markers of inflammation
  • Imaging tests such as ultrasound, CT scan, and MRI to look for plaque in the arteries

Treatment of Atherosclerosis

The goal of treatment for atherosclerosis is to slow the progression of the disease and prevent complications such as heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases. Treatment may include:

  • Lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet, and exercising regularly
  • Medications to lower cholesterol, blood sugar levels, and blood pressure
  • Surgery to open blocked arteries

Management of Atherosclerosis and Diabetes

People with diabetes need to carefully manage their blood sugar levels to reduce their risk of developing atherosclerosis. This can be done by:

  • Taking insulin or other diabetes medications as prescribed by their doctor
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Exercising regularly

People with diabetes should also see their doctor regularly for checkups and screening for atherosclerosis.

Prevention of Atherosclerosis and Diabetes

There are a number of things that people can do to prevent atherosclerosis and diabetes, including:

  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Exercising regularly
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Quitting smoking
  • Managing stress


Atherosclerosis and diabetes are two dangerous conditions that can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases. However, there are a number of things that people can do to prevent and manage these conditions. By making healthy lifestyle choices and taking medications as prescribed by their doctor, people with atherosclerosis and diabetes can reduce their risk of complications and live long and healthy lives.

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